Event: 2018 School of Education Research Poster Celebration
Date: Friday, September 28, 2018
Time: 3:30-5:00 pm
Location: School of Education Courtyard
Open to the public
Presenter: Edward Henry Chen
Poster Title: "Dual-Task Studies of Working Memory and Mathematics: A Meta-Analysis"
Poster Advisor: Drew Bailey
Working memory (WM) has been asserted as crucial to mathematics development, but despite some strong correlational evidence, many studies aimed at improving mathematics through WM training yielded mixed results. Given these conflicting findings, this meta-analysis sought to review complementary evidence provided by dual-task studies. This meta-analysis reported results from 21 studies consisting of 400 effects. The summary effect, computed using a multivariate random-effects model, was statistically significant across many different specifications, suggesting a robust effect of WM load on arithmetic performance. Of the 5 metamoderators tested, WM load type and significant predictions on the effect of load were found to be significant. Although these findings support the theory that cognitive processes are general across arithmetic tasks, further research is warranted.