"Gendered Pathways Towards STEM Careers: The Incremental Roles of Work Value Profiles Above Academic Task Values"
Distinguished Professor Jacquelynne Eccles has published with colleagues Jiesi Guo (Australian Catholic University), Florenica Sortheix (University of Helsinki) and Katariina Salmela-Ari (University of Helsinki) in Frontiers in Psychology: "Gendered Pathways Towards STEM Careers: The Incremental Roles of Work Value Profiles Above Academic Task Values."
Drawing on Eccles’ expectancy-value model of achievement-related choices, we examined how work values predict individual and gender differences in sciences, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) participations in early adulthood (ages of 25/27, 6 or 8 years after postsecondary school), controlling for subjective task values attached to academic subjects in late adolescence (11th grade, age 18) . The study examined 1259 Finnish participants using a person-oriented approach. Results showed that: a) we could identify four profile groups based on five core work values (society, family, monetary, career prospects, and working with people); b) work-value profiles predicted young adults actual STEM participation in two fields: math-intensive and life science occupations above and beyond academic task values (e.g., math/science) and background information; c) work-value profiles also differentiate between those who entered support- versus professional-level STEM jobs; and d) gender differences in work value profiles partially explained the differential representation of women across STEM sub-disciplines and the overall underrepresentation of women in STEM fields.
Guo, J., Eccles, J., Sortheix, F., & Salmela-Aro, K. (2018). Gendered pathways towards STEM careers: The incremental roles of work value profiles above academic task values. Frontiers in Psychology. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01111