"Cumulative and Differential Effects of Early Child Care and Middle Childhood Out‐of‐School Time on Adolescent Functioning"
Chancellor's Professor Emeritus Deborah Lowe Vandell (left), Alumnus Ken Lee (center left), Alumnus Anamarie Auger Whitaker (center right), and Director of Research Kim Pierce (right) have authored a new article in Child Development.
The title of the article is "Cumulative and Differential Effects of Early Child Care and Middle Childhood Out‐of‐School Time on Adolescent Functioning."
Vandell is a recognized authority in developmental processes and educational outcomes, longitudinal research methods, early childhood education, afterschool programs, and teacher-child relationships. Lee (Ph.D. '16), who specialized in Learning, Cognition, and Development for his doctoral work, is a senior research analyst at Pearson Education. Whitaker (Ph.D. '14), currently a policy researcher at RAND Corporation, specialized in Educational Policy and Social Context. Pierce is Director of Research for UCI's School of Education.
Effects associated with early child care and out‐of‐school time (OST) during middle childhood were examined in a large sample of U.S. adolescents (N = 958). Both higher quality early child care AND more epochs of organized activities (afterschool programs and extracurricular activities) during middle childhood were linked to higher academic achievement at age 15. Differential associations were found in the behavioral domain. Higher quality early child care was associated with fewer externalizing problems, whereas more hours of early child care was linked to greater impulsivity. More epochs of organized activities was associated with greater social confidence. Relations between early child care and adolescent outcomes were not mediated or moderated by OST arrangements in middle childhood, consistent with independent, additive relations of these nonfamilial settings.