"Disparity in School Discipline: Do Poor and Racial Minority Students Receive Stiffer Disciplinary Responses?"
Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness (SREE)
Spring 2018 Conference, Washington, D.C.
February 28-March 3, 2018
Presentation Title: "Disparity in School Discipline: Do Poor and Racial Minority Students Receive Stiffer Disciplinary Responses?"
Author: NaYoung Hwang (2017 PhD Alumna)
This research examined disparities in school discipline among 4,033,367 K-12 students in the US. Data were drawn from the Oregon Department of Education, 2007-2008 through 2014-2015. We compared disparities in exclusionary discipline, in days of in-school suspensions, and in days of out-of-school suspensions for Black, Hispanic, White, and Asian students. Controls included special education status, number of previous discipline record, multiple infraction types, grade, and year fixed effects. Findings included the following: (1) Black students tend to receive exclusionary school discipline more frequently even after controlling for infraction types, and the differences occur across schools. (2) Hispanic students tend to receive longer out-of-school suspension days, and the differences occur both across and within schools. (3) Students who are eligible for Fee and Reduced Lunch tend to receive exclusionary discipline and also longer days of suspensions after controlling for infraction types, and differences occur even within schools. The findings suggest that disparities in school discipline may occur both within and between schools for the same infraction types. However, for a given disciplinary incident, there are no statistically significant discipline gaps.