Presenter: Rachel Smith, Poster Presentation
Research Title: Strategy-Based Learning and the Manipulation of Lexical Features in Metamemory Tasks
Faculty Advisor: Susanne Jaeggi
Mentor: Grace Lin, Austin Moon
Previous research has shown that people selectively choose to remember positive and negative words compared to neutral words. The present study investigates whether participants with varying language acquisition backgrounds would differentially select words to remember. We used a meta-memory task in which participants were shown a series of words and placed a bet on each word based on how likely they think they would recall the word. After the words were presented, participants were asked to recall as many words as they could remember. All stimuli were categorized as positive, negative, or neutral words. Participants were separated into three groups: English monolinguals, English dominant bilinguals, and English non- dominant bilinguals. Findings from more than 70 participants show that college students chose to bet higher on negative and positive words compared to neutral words, and they remembered more negative and positive words. However, English non-dominant bilinguals choose to bet significantly more points on positive and neutral words than their peers did, indicating that they may be less sensitive to the valence level of each word.